Our text draws our attention to the blood of the covenant. It is crucial to this account, and Moses’s words direct our gaze right at it: Behold, the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you. As important were the words of the covenant, Yahweh’s words to the people, and the people’s words back, the blood is especially significant. What do we learn from the blood of the covenant in this passage?
In our text for this morning, the giving of the covenant concludes with an epilogue. As the Lord gives the Law, the Lord has again and again stressed obedience. But this passage is also about what God will do for his covenant people. In this epilogue to the covenant, we see what God will do for Israel if they keep covenant. That stipulation is important.
Worship is vital in Yahweh’s covenant with Israel. There is nothing more important than God. There is no being higher than God. There is no one more deserving of worship than the one true God. For these reasons, God surrounds all of Israel’s life in covenant community with the priority of worship. In Ex 23, we see how central worship is in God’s covenant with Israel. Israel is not a secular nation. She is a sacred nation, a kingdom of priests, and God demands not only her obedience, but her worship. This text from the old covenant teaches us how essential worship is for man.
Today, we see that the Lord wants his people to magnify his justice. He wants his people to uphold and protect justice. He wants his justice, as much as is humanly possible, to reflected in the resolution of disputes among his people.