Then, we read in ch 20:1, “And God spoke all these words.” So, while Moses was up at the mountain peak, the Lord spoke audibly to him so that his people could hear. And what the Lord said that great day was none other than what we call the Ten Commandments. As they enter into covenant, God presents covenant stipulations that they must follow as his people. This morning, we will consider the first of these.
Exodus 19–24 is one of the most important passages of the Old Testament and entire scriptures. The covenant God makes with Israel in these chapters becomes the framework through which the great majority of the Old Testament is to be understood.
Our passage is really about God. He is a God of manifold grace, and that grace is seen in the covenant of Sinai. The text makes clear that what happens at Sinai represents his glorious desire for his chosen people. When we pause to look at how God is treating his people in Exod 19, we ought to be ready to proclaim the excellencies of this God who graciously cuts covenants with mankind.
We have considered the Exodus from two aspects: what it teaches us about our Redeemer God and the response the redeemed ought to offer their God. We find these responses given by the Israelite’s example and the demands God lays out for them. The Exodus means that God is saving a people for himself. He wants the Hebrew people to know Him. He will dwell with this people and be their God. This means that things must be different for the Israelites. This week, we look at two more responses of redeemed people to their Redeemer.